Greater Sudbury, Ontario is a city which growth was dominated by mining and railroad development until the 21st century. The mining industry and its related industries continue to be a major driver of the local economy today.
But mining-led urban development is now under serious threat. Generally speaking a city's development depends a large extent on its economic competitiveness, and its population. As a secondary industry, mining does not add as much economic value as the tertiary sector. In the era of globalization, mining-led cities tend to be less competitive than tertiary-led cities. Many of Sudbury's younger generations are attracted to neighbouring cities such as Ottawa whose economy is led by the information technology industry.
However, Sudbury's economic structure is already undergoing transition, with declining jobs in mining sector and a rise in the tertiary sector. This trend requires a comprehensive revitalization strategy to guide future growth, unlock existing potential, and increase competitiveness and influence in Canada and across the globe.
This work will first explore the potential power of Sudbury economic, come up with an urban regeneration framework and then use this frame work as a guide to design the planned INNO-park in the downtown Sudbury. The aim of this project is to create a development model based on the space we designed, attracting and retaining highly skilled workforce, fully mobilizing the skills and talents of the existing population. It can stimulate economic vitality through the adjustment and activation of the industrial chain, and ultimately contribute to the economic progress of the whole city.
1. Potential of the Greater Sudbury
The city of Greater Sudbury is on the verge of significant change. It is working on multiple fronts to strengthen its position as a centre for mining technology innovation, health research, governance, financial, retail and recreational services, and higher education in Northern Ontario.
Sudbury's goal is to become northern Ontario's leading health care research, education and economic engine, and it now has a high-quality health care cluster, several excellent universities, many scientific research centres and many science educations sites with Sudbury's identity. By categorizing and locating these sites, we see a tendency for their distribution in Sudbury to be concentrated in the city center and for these industries to be integrated into one development system, the STEM industry. The changes in employment in Sudbury also reflect the gradual growth of the STEM industries. In addition, Sudbury's cultural and creativity potential should not be overlooked. Sudbury is a multicultural community where people from all over the world collide in a rich diversity of artwork and art forms which is the unique soul of Sudbury.
The urban core needs enough creativity and energy to maintain its leading position. Based on an analysis of the city's potential, our proposed strategy is to link the existing scattered 'STEM' businesses through a headquarters office block, facilitating communication between them and allowing 'STEM' integration to develop. Meanwhile, by introducing Sudbury's unique 'Art' to the 'STEM' system, we harness the power of art, culture and creativity to create an entirely new 'STEaM' system. Through their exchange and collision, the potential of talent will be stimulated, 'STEM' and 'A' will complement each other, resulting in a distinctive Sudbury industrial structure, increased economic competitiveness and a new business card for the city.
To implement the requirements of the space to achieve such a vision, our INNO-Park need to have a traffic network with high permeability, diverse functional space, high quality open space and the space should integrate and facilitate the communication of different groups.
3. Site analysis and appropriate space strategy
According to the analysis, we can find the site for INNO-Park have four main problems. To solve these problems, several strategies have been proposed. We rebuild the traffic network to segment the field and promote the permeability. Moreover, different traffic modes are considered. For the block form we adopt the form of perimeter which can create an inside open space as well as ensure the interaction with other buildings. Base on the framework, we design the land use and the function of each building. To further improve the experience of people who will use this place, we also consider the vertical design. In terms to promote the communicate of people, several kinds of open space have been arranged according to the traffic network, buildings and surroundings. Furthermore, we use different kinds of ways to create the connection of these open space. Last but not least, we create a corridor system to connect all important activity nodes to encourage the move and the interaction of people. In order to show the relation of how bridge form the space, four more diagrams have been added.
4. Form generation
This part of design is to further explain how we create space to encourage people come out form their indoor office and travel to other space. By cutting the building blocks, we design a new form of space that break the boundary of inside and outside space. With four kinds of connection forms, the corridor system provides divers ways for people to meet and interaction.
5. The expectation of this design
In our expectation, we hope our STEAM INNO-Park can act as an activation point that provide new possibilities for the development of the greater Sudbury. With the space of high quality, we hope it can attract people back and people who work or visit their can feel comfortable and convenient. With the space form that encourage the communication and interruption, we hope STEM workers, Art workers and other visitors can get inspire from each other. In addition, the space we designed also make the cooperation more convenient.
In order to explain how will different groups use this space, we choose two examples, workers and visitors. We image the daily flowing of them from their perspective using the serial vision which can explain the changing of the space clearly, and two scenarios showing the look of two typical spatial representation. Furthermore, as this development frame work is coming from the actual situation of this city, it will have a unique charm formed by its unique culture and become one of its new "name card".
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