Transit park - Sudbury 2050
Roots are the most crucial part of the tree; it not only anchors it to the ground, but draws nutrients and water back to the core. Much like the transit system of a city, it brings all community members from all around to a city centre, the downtown core. A place where all members of the community can come to enjoy entertainment, food, culture and engage in business and leisure activities. The Sudbury 2050 initiative aims to think creatively about the urban core and how it can be modernized, and how it improves Sudbury's city centre in a way that reflects on the past while creating its future, demonstrating the importance of environmental, cultural, educational within the community.
The goal of this project is to create a transit hub that would encourage community members to choose public transportation, while creating a space that is more than a bus stop. Choosing to transform the current transit station block into a hub plus park centre is more efficient and convenient to the public as it's more centred in the downtown core, allowing quicker access to more public amenities. With the goal of a more collected communal centre, turning the transit hub into a park and farmers' market lot was crucial. With a park and farmers' market located at the transit hub, users are encouraged to use public transit as a primary source of transportation, and this gives additional reason to use the transit hub. Looking into where Sudbury is heading with environmental efficiency, creating a more energy-efficient transit system is a top priority. Turning the public transit terminal into an energy-efficient space will help lead the way towards a healthier Sudbury 2050, as will the integration of the community into the design of these public spaces. There are many parameters to consider to create a safe, accessible, and efficient space for the community, for its businesses, its workers and tourists. Creating a building that is more than just a bus stop, but a place where the community can be comfortable, and enjoy every movement throughout the space is one of them, for whatever purpose they use the transit system.
The design process starts with imagining what a transit hub could be to the community, as it is one of the essential elements of public transportation. Looking at the current transit map and road map, the terminal is designed for efficient flow receiving and sending buses with minimal traffic and disruptions.
The central indoor waiting station is a simple structure with a circular end to provide users with an indoor place to rest and wait for the bus while staying warm or cool depending on the season. It also provides a public washroom facility for both users and community members. The structure is CLT with large CLT columns to speak to Sudbury re-greening efforts. The square wood structure is reminiscent of the old mine supports that are shadowed by a large wooden pavilion, suggesting the growth of renewable resources over an older environmental destructive system. Between each of the CLT pillars are large windows providing an unobstructed view of the buses, the park and the pavilion above the site. The administration has a separate building hosting the staff lounge and lockers, and administration desk, open to the outside walking traffic. Both the administration building and the public warming station provide support for the pavilion structure above.
This large wooden pavilion spans over the whole site with supports that seamlessly flow from the span. The grid pattern of the pavilion represents the connection and the crossing of the city streets that the transit system runs through. The large seamless pillars reaching up from the ground sprout out like trees arcing into a canopy over the existing site. The park extends across the three different roads surrounding the block, inviting more of the public to engage in the park space and integrated farmers' market. The Tim Hortons and LCBO are moved back to the west side of the block, opening up more space for the park. The park path is separate from the sidewalk, giving users another option to engage in the park green space. The park is populated with trees, flowers and vegetation, inviting interaction with the community. The pavilion shadows and shelter, along with the plants within the park, creating a unique micro-climate as a green space in an urban downtown. This green space can host community events, as well add to The Sudbury Market. Integrating The Sudbury Market into a central location of downtown would benefit both market vendors and patrons. Introducing permanent market stalls along with temporary stalls prolongs the vendor season and offers year-round market concepts. The convenience of picking up fresh local products on the way to or from a destination, supporting local business and promoting healthy eating, supports community unity.
Creating a new bus station that promotes eco-friendly, energy-efficient, community interaction, and safety goes without implementing more efficient and environmentally conscious electric buses. There are currently many cities around the world and here in Canada, such as Ottawa and Edmonton, who are currently testing buses with alternative fuels such as electric. On average, maintenance costs for electric buses would be less, meaning more buses for the same cost. Cleaner and quieter buses make transportation favourable in all neighbourhoods through its reduced noise and atmospheric pollution. Fuel cost per kilometre is also more efficient in an electric bus compared to fuel powered engines, saving more money in the long run in a growing city. The green space features winding paths, greenery, benches, lighting, and market stalls throughout the park. The buses and resting area are in the centre of the site. There are entrances at the north and south end of the lot that filter the buses to their respective bus stops. Lining up on both sides of the runway. The main central building allows for an indoor waiting space that has easy access to the spread out bus stops. Another building is located within the park along the edge of the bus runway hosting the staff lounge and administration desk.
The project aims to encourage and promote the use of a healthier public transit system by creating a cleaner and safer mode of transport, with a central hub that is inviting, comfortable and environmentally conscious. A green space that can become more than just a bus stop, but a community gathering point in the heart of the downtown core, celebrating community, and environmentally efficient construction.
The site is arranged with the urban green space on the east side, that connect to three of the surrounding roads. The park features winding paths that offer unique ways to access the transit hub. Along the path are temporary markets where vendors can occasionally set up stalls to sell their products, while a permanent marketplace is located at the south side of the park. The buses and resting area are in the centre of the site to allow efficient bus cycles. Entrances at both the north and south end filter buses into their respective stops, lined up on both sides of the runway area. A main central building displaced at the centre of the site so users can rest and stay warm during the cooler seasons, while waiting for the bus. At the end of the building, public rest rooms can be found and accessed from both inside. Another circular building is located within the park along the edge of the bus runway. This building hosts the staff space and administration desk, where users can ask for routes and purchase transit passes. At the other end of the site, the Tim Hortons and LCBO, as well as their parking lots and drive-thru.
Buses enter the site from both a northern and southern entrance. The north entrance is off of Elm St, and the south is off the one-way road Cedar St. The primary access is off Cedar St, where bus traffic will divide out to multiple resting areas as they enter the site. The lanes for the buses are large enough to support multiple stops and have space for bus traffic to pass. Buses can then exit from the northern and southern roads. There are minimal crossing paths to allow a more efficient bus cycle when new buses arrive.
Vehicle movement filters through the parking lot to access the LCBO and Tim Hortons. There can be occasional parking, for vendors to bring their products to their stalls. The bus street is large enough to host market drop off and bus traffic. The entrance off of Lisgar St gives access to the LCBO and Tim Hortons parking lot and drive-thru to direct car traffic away from bus traffic for cleaner transit cycles.
Pedestrians can circulate the whole block and down the centre of the bus runway. However, when they reach the park along the east side of the site, pedestrians can choose to walk through the urban green space, or through the market. At the Tim Hortons and LCBO, you can access their businesses by walking off the main sidewalk and down a decorated corridor. Local artists can continue the downtown mural project between these two-buildings creating a unique space as you walk to the entrances of these shops.
Summer market: Farmer's, bakers, butchers and other vendors can sell fresh products, while creators can sell handmade crafts and art displaying. A traditional farmers' market.
Autumn, also referred to as harvest season can host end of season farm¬ers' markets. Pumpkins, seasonal deco¬ration and arts, apple ciders and teas are potential vendor ideas.
In the spring, the market can be filled with blooming flowers from the many local greenhouses, and fresh berries picked by the local farmers. There is also an opportunity to host events to celebrate the returning farmers market the coming summer.
During the colder seasons, farmers' markets around the world offer cul¬turally inclusive markets and festi¬vals celebrating different cultures found within a community. The Sudbury Market has this opportunity to host these types of events from it's mul¬ti-cultural community. Vendors can also bring warm beverages to sell to the community.
Electric Bus Breakdown
-Maintenance costs are 70% lower than disel.
-Quieter and cleaner: better for neighbourhoods.
-E-buses cost roughly 30%-40% more than a die¬sel bus ($750 000), but over the lifespan of an E-bus are around 20% cheaper.
-Diesel buses run roughly 62 per 1km vs E-buses that run around 15 per 1km.
-E-buses lower the cost of electricity for all, they can charge at night when there is a surplus of generation and lower costs.
-95% of CO2 caused by bus' would be eliminated.
-Pollution from brake wear is also reduced by roughly 75%.
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